top of page

The Problematic "Pay-to-Play" System in U.S. Youth Soccer

Youth soccer in the United States faces a significant challenge: it’s often too expensive for many families. This "pay-to-play" system creates barriers for talented kids who can't afford the high costs. Although soccer fees and the associated consequences deter players, there are steps the US to take to fix it.

The High Cost of Playing Soccer

Expensive Fees

To play competitive soccer in the U.S., families often have to pay thousands of dollars each year to cover: club memberships, coaching fees, uniforms, and travel expenses for games and tournaments. In 2018, a study by the Sports and Fitness Industry Association found that over 70% of families involved in the pay-to-play system earned more than $50,000 a year, and 33% earned over $100,000. This shows that the system favors wealthier families.

Impact on Participation

The high costs lead to fewer kids playing soccer as they get older. Between the ages of 6-12, many children participate in soccer, but by ages 13-18, participation drops by 50%. This is partly because many families can’t afford the increasing costs as kids advance in the sport.

Inequality in Soccer

Who Gets to Play?

Wealthier families can afford the high fees and often view soccer as a serious commitment. Their kids show up to every practice and game, and they have the resources to succeed. On the other hand, families with lower incomes struggle to keep up with the costs. Their kids may miss practices because they rely on others for transportation, cannot afford proper equipment, or lack the same access to high-quality coaching.

Diverse Participation

The pay-to-play system also affects diversity in soccer. A significant lack of young minority athletes and kids from lower-income families is evident. Soccer, a sport that should be accessible to all, becomes an exclusive activity for those who can afford it.

How to Fix the System

Sliding Scale Fees

One solution is to adjust fees based on family income. Similar to how some colleges offer financial aid, soccer clubs could charge less for families with lower incomes. This would make the sport more inclusive and allow talented kids from all backgrounds to participate.

Better Coaching Standards

Clubs should ensure that all competitive teams have qualified coaches. This would mean requiring minimum coaching licenses and providing consistent training across all teams. By improving coaching quality, clubs can offer better value for the fees they charge.

Financial Transparency

Soccer clubs should be transparent about their finances. Families deserve to know how their money is being spent and that it’s being used to provide the best possible experience for all players.

Inclusive Programs

Clubs could also expand their recreational programs, which are more affordable and inclusive. These programs can serve as a gateway to competitive soccer, offering scholarships or reduced fees for talented players from lower-income families.

How FIERCE Combats the Pay-To-Play Model

"Offseason" Training and Development

While other clubs may consider the summer and winter as their "offseason", FIERCE provides summer and winter training at no additional cost. These sessions are crucial for both technical development and overall well-being. Offseason training helps players maintain and improve their skills, ensuring they are ready for the next season. It also makes it possible for all players, regardless of their financial situation, to continue developing their abilities.

Additional Benefits of FIERCE's Efforts

Mental Health Benefits

Year-round training also promotes mental health benefits. Being part of a consistent community helps players build strong social connections and a sense of belonging. This environment is especially important for young athletes who might struggle with the pressures of competitive sports. Regular, structured activities can reduce stress and anxiety, providing a stable support system.

Promoting DEIB

FIERCE's year-round community that celebrates Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Belonging (DEIB) can significantly impact players' lives. Prioritizing DEIB leads to an inclusive environment where all players feel valued and respected. This approach helps to:

  • Foster teamwork and mutual respect among players from different backgrounds.

  • Encourage personal growth and self-esteem.

  • Reduce feelings of isolation and stress, which are common in highly competitive sports environments.

Accessibility and Equity

By offering year-round training programs at no additional cost, clubs can ensure that all players, regardless of their financial background, have equal opportunities to train and improve. This helps level the playing field, giving talented players from lower-income families the same chances as those from wealthier backgrounds. This approach supports the broader goal of making soccer more inclusive and equitable.


The pay-to-play system in U.S. youth soccer creates significant barriers for many talented players. By implementing sliding scale fees, improving coaching standards, maintaining financial transparency, and expanding inclusive programs, the US can make soccer more accessible for all kids, regardless of their financial background. Providing year-round training at no extra cost not only enhances players' technical skills but also promotes mental health and fosters a community that values DEIB, ensuring a more inclusive and supportive environment for all athletes.


Commenting has been turned off.
bottom of page